- Questo evento è passato.
The Scientific and Techonological Competitiveness of Nations: a network analysis
21 aprile 2017 @ 10:00 - 13:00
21 aprile 2017 ore 10.00
SAA – School of Management – Sala Consiglio
dott. Andrea Gabrielli, Tenured Researcher, Istituto dei Sistemi Complessi (ISC) – Italian National Research Council (CNR), via dei Taurini 19, 00185, Rome, Italy.
Research in the theory of complex system with applications to physical, social and biological systems
Introduzione al workshop:
We use citation data of scientific articles produced by individual nations in different scientific domains to build a bipartite country – scientific domains network to determine the structure and efficiency of national research systems. We characterize the scienfic fitness of each nation-that is, the competitiveness of its research system-and the complexity of each scientifi domain by means of a non-linear iterative algorithm able to assess quantitatively the advantage of scientific diversification. We find thath techological leading nations, beyond having the largest production of scientific papers and the largest number of citations, do not specialize in a few scientific domains. Rather, they diversify as much as possible their research system. On the other side, less developed nations are competitive only in scientific domains where also many other nations are present. Diversification thus represents the key element that correlates with scientific and techological competitiveness. A remarkable implication of this structure of the scientific competition is that the scientific domains playing the role of “markers” of national scientific competitiveness are those not necessarily of high techological requirements, but raher addressing the most “sophisticated” needs of the society. We complement this analysis with a correlation study between this scientific impact of a nation with a normalized measure of RD funds and the level of internationalisation. Finally, we present some preliminary results of a similar approach to the interactions between scientific, techological and industrial innovation dynamics.